A Review of Network Mobility Protocols For Fully Electrical Vehicles Services

AutorSofiane Imadali, Arnaud Kaiser, Fikret Sivrikaya, Nadim El Sayed, Michael Boc, Witold Klaudel, Alexandru Petrescu, Vèronique Vèque
QuelleIEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Magazine 
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This article reviews IETF network mobility techniques and ISO data protocols involved in electrical charging which represent key enablers for an IP-based platform composed of backend servers, networks of fixed charging stations and of mobile Fully-Electrical Vehicles (FEVs). This platform further allows services for ensuring driver’s confidence in reaching arbitrary destinations, despite well-known limitations such as battery technologies, and mitigating the risks involved by the use of inherently insecure basic IP datagram exchanges. This paper first gives the overall picture that integrates the reviewed technologies before stressing the importance of IP network mobility in such scenarios. The FEVs’ use of data communication protocols are analyzed from a “Vehicle-to-Grid” standpoint including the ISO-15118 standards description. Host-based and Network-based addressing and mobility architectures are compared before focusing on the problem of session continuity for IP-based electric mobility related services. In particular, Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) and Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) standards are reviewed from a network mobility perspective which allows to introduce our PMIPv6 Network Mobility extension and describe its features. A qualitative feature characterization and an analytical model to compare the protocols are provided.